Violence occurs in 1 in 5 elections globally—in rare instances, rising to the level of a crime against humanity. In this paper, electoral violence expert Jeff Fischer examines three cases of crimes against humanity in an electoral context—Cote D’Ivoire in 2010, Kenya in 2007 and East Timor in 1999. Fischer analyzes the institutions and processes associated with bringing justice and possibilities for prevention.... Read More
Holding high-quality elections is necessary for a country to be considered fully democratic. Unfortunately, most elections today are marred by some degree of fraud, manipulation or other electoral crime. This paper presents findings and analysis of a survey of experts on electoral malpractice to understand the factors that drive electoral fraud and manipulation and develop strategies to reduce such abuse.... Read More
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